Who is eligible for ayushman Bharat Yojana?

Who is Eligible for Ayushman Bharat Yojana?

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In the ever-evolving landscape of healthcare initiatives in India, the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, also known as the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY), has emerged as a critical program aimed at providing financial protection and healthcare access to millions of citizens. This ambitious scheme, launched in September 2018, is a significant step toward achieving the goal of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in India. In this comprehensive article, we delve into the eligibility criteria for the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, ensuring you have all the information you need to understand who can benefit from this groundbreaking healthcare initiative.

Introduction to Ayushman Bharat Yojana

Ayushman Bharat Yojana is a government-sponsored health insurance scheme that seeks to provide financial coverage for medical expenses to vulnerable and economically disadvantaged populations across India. It is part of the National Health Policy’s vision to ensure equitable access to quality healthcare services without causing financial distress.

Eligibility Criteria for Ayushman Bharat Yojana

Who is eligible for ayushman Bharat Yojana?

1. Socio-Economic Criteria

To be eligible for Ayushman Bharat Yojana, individuals and families must meet specific socio-economic criteria. The primary focus of the scheme is to provide assistance to those who are economically deprived. The following categories are considered eligible:

  • Families with Deprived Rural and Urban Criteria: Families falling under defined deprivation criteria based on socio-economic parameters are eligible. These criteria are determined by the government and are used to identify economically weaker sections of society.
  • Occupational Criteria: Certain occupational categories such as rag-pickers, beggars, domestic workers, street vendors, and more are automatically eligible for the scheme.

2. Identification Process

The identification of eligible beneficiaries is a crucial step in implementing Ayushman Bharat Yojana effectively. States and Union Territories have been tasked with developing a comprehensive list of eligible families based on the criteria mentioned above. This list, commonly referred to as the Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) database, plays a vital role in identifying and enrolling beneficiaries.

3. Rural and Urban Categories

  • Rural Areas: Families residing in rural areas and identified as per the SECC database automatically qualify for Ayushman Bharat Yojana. It is important to note that the scheme is not limited to BPL (Below Poverty Line) families but extends its coverage to a broader range of economically disadvantaged households.
  • Urban Areas: In urban areas, the eligible beneficiaries are identified through various mechanisms, including municipal databases and occupational criteria. Slum-dwellers and those residing in notified and non-notified slums are typically eligible.

4. No Age Bar

One significant advantage of the Ayushman Bharat Yojana is that there is no age restriction for beneficiaries. This means that both children and senior citizens can avail of the benefits provided they meet the socio-economic criteria.

5. Family-Based Coverage

Ayushman Bharat Yojana offers family-based coverage, where an eligible family can avail of the benefits collectively. Each family unit can include up to five members. This approach ensures that healthcare services are accessible to the entire family, reducing the financial burden on individuals during medical emergencies.

6. No Enrollment Fee

Enrollment in Ayushman Bharat Yojana is entirely free of cost. Beneficiaries do not need to pay any fee or premium to avail of the scheme’s benefits.

Who is eligible for ayushman Bharat Yojana?

How to Check Eligibility and Enroll

To check eligibility and enroll in the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, eligible beneficiaries can follow these steps:

  1. Visit the Official Website: The official website of Ayushman Bharat (https://pmjay.gov.in/) provides access to essential information, including the eligibility checking tool.
  2. Use the Eligibility Checker: On the website, beneficiaries can use the “Am I Eligible?” tool to check if their family is eligible for the scheme. This tool relies on the SECC database for rural areas and other identification mechanisms for urban areas.
  3. Complete the Application: If eligible, beneficiaries can proceed to complete the application process. This typically involves providing necessary details and documentation to establish their identity and eligibility.
  4. Receive the Ayushman Bharat Card: Once the application is processed and approved, beneficiaries receive an Ayushman Bharat Golden Card. This card serves as proof of eligibility and is required when seeking treatment at empaneled hospitals.

Empaneled Hospitals

Ayushman Bharat Yojana has a vast network of empaneled hospitals across India, both public and private. Beneficiaries can receive cashless treatment at these hospitals for a wide range of medical conditions. To find empaneled hospitals in their area, beneficiaries can use the official website or contact the Ayushman Bharat Yojana helpline.


In conclusion, Ayushman Bharat Yojana is a transformative healthcare initiative aimed at providing financial protection and healthcare access to millions of eligible beneficiaries across India. By adhering to specific socio-economic criteria and following a straightforward enrollment process, eligible families and individuals can avail of the benefits of this scheme. Ayushman Bharat Yojana stands as a beacon of hope, ensuring that healthcare is a fundamental right for all, regardless of their economic status or age. It is a testament to India’s commitment to achieving Universal Health Coverage and leaving no one behind in the journey toward a healthier, more prosperous nation.

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